mercredi 28 novembre 2012

Tezaurul de la Sânnicolau Mare - Viena, KHM (3/3)

Să privim acum piesele tezaurului expuse în a treia vitrină de la Kunsthistorisches Museum.

"The unique gold treasure found in 1799 in Nagyszentmiklós (now Sânnicolau Mare, Rumania) consists of twenty-three pure gold vessels weighing a total of ten kilograms. 

The treasure represents many different cultural, stylistic and religious influences.
Central Asian, Persian-Sassanidic idiosyncrasies are found next to Greco-Roman and Byzantine; heathen features stand next to the crucifix.

Some of the vessels bear Greek, Turkish and rune-like inscriptions that have yet to be fully deciphered.

The differences between the pieces make it difficult to define the ethnic and artistic origins of the treasure.

Most probably it originated in the 9th century as a product of ancient Bulgarian art. The conversion of the Bulgarians to Christianity in 864 could explain the Christian motifs among the heathen elements. 

The treasure, in its last use as ecclesiastical treasury, was probably buried during the Hungarian invasion in 896."
(from Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna - Guide to the Collections, Wien, 1988, p.105)