jeudi 15 octobre 2015

Chora Museum, Istanbul (1) – Saint-Sauveur-in-Chora

"The building that is located in the Edirnekapı neighborhood of İstanbul and called 
the “Chora Museum” (Kariye Müzesi) 
is a church building that constitutes the center of the Chora Monastery [...]
and it was dedicated to Jesus Christ."

"Since it stood outside of the city walls built by Constantine, the building was called “Chora”,
 which means “in the country” or “outside of the city” in Greek."

"Although the exact construction date of the building is unknown, [...]
 the region where the Chora monastery was located began to gain importance 
as a holy cemetery (necropolis) when the relics of Saint Babylas, who had been martyred in the early periods of Christianity,
in 298, together with his 84 disciples, in Nicomedia (İznik), were buried here in the early 4th century."

"The Chora monastery was rebuilt in the 6th century, in 536, by the Emperor Justinian (527-565) 
on the cemetery that was considered holy, on a chapel that had been ruined."

"There is almost no information about the Chora Monastery during the Latin occupation between 1204 and 1261, 
but considering the large-scale construction of Metochites,
the monastery seems to have been devastated during the Latin occupation."